Laparoscopy is also known as Minimal Invasive Surgery or a Diagnostic Laparoscopy. It is a surgical diagnostic procedure that involves the examination of the organs inside the abdomen. This surgery involves minimum risks. The surgery is assisted by a video camera and several other instruments. It makes a small incision and inserts the camera and the instruments which allow the surgeon to perform the surgery.
The camera shows the actual state of the organs inside the abdomen. That becomes the surgeon’s eyes while the surgery.
There are different procedures in laparoscopy:
Exclusion of unhealthy organs like the gallbladder or appendix
Exclusion or restore of unhealthy parts of the stomach (specifically the digestive system)
Exclusion or restore of the ureters, bladder or kidneys (the urinary system)
Exclusion or repair of uterus or fallopian tubes. (women's reproductive organs)
Removal of a kidney (being a donor)
Procedures regarding weight loss, like gastric bypass
To detect cancer tumours in the liver and pancreas
To diagnose the abdomen for signs of disease that has been difficult detect.
To diagnose a tumour in the abdomen
To test the removal of scar tissue or source of abdominal pain
To test the source of internal bleeding /fluid build-up in spite of patient’s normal blood pressure
To analysis the injury after a trauma or an accident
The advantages of the minimally invasive or laparoscopic procedures are
Minimum post surgery distress since, the scars are smaller
Recovery times are quicker
Short time hospital stay
Return to daily activities
The surgery is performed in a minimal invasive way compared to standard open surgeries.
Laparoscopic Appendectomy is the most common emergency abdominal surgery. The surgery treats the inflammation of appendix; the surgeon treats the appendix by creating a small opening in the abdomen. The surgery involves fewer risks and usually takes less time in recovery.
The problems related to gallbladder can be solved by this surgery. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy involves making small incisions and inserting laparoscope to see inside the body and finally removing the gallbladder.
Almost all the types of hernia – Inguinal Hernia, Hiatal Hernia, Umbilical Hernia, Incisional Hernia are treated by laparoscopy. The surgery involves making of 3-4 holes in the abdominal area. In one of the holes, a small size telescope is inserted and specific laparoscopic instruments in other holes. The highly experienced surgeon carries out the whole surgery while watching on a TV monitor.
The surgical process of removal of uterus is known as Laparoscopic hysterectomy. The surgeon makes a small opening near the navel area; after inserting the camera inside, he performs the whole surgery while watching at the monitor.
If a woman chooses to keep the ovaries and cervix in place then that is known as ‘supra-cervical hysterectomy’. If a woman wants to remove the entire uterus then it is known as total ‘laparoscopic hysterectomy’.