Total Knee Replacement Surgery
What to expect from total knee replacement surgery?
The total knee replacement surgery is performed to replace the damaged knee joint with artificial joints known as prosthesis. It is an effective and safe procedure that comforts pain and leg deformity that cannot be treated by medications and walking supports (walkers).
Several kinds of knee arthritis, namely osteoarthritis can cause pain and reduces the flexibility of your knees. Over a period of time the damage in the joint and encircling tissues can make it difficult in performing day to day activities even - walking, climbing stairs and resting. These normal activities can only be corrected by total knee replacement surgery.
Candidate for Surgery:
The candidates for total knee replacement surgery are generally experiencing difficulties in movement, while performing their daily activities.
Although, there is no fixed age limitation for undergoing knee replacement surgery.
As per orthopedic surgeons, maximum patients that undergo knee surgery are aged from 50 to 80 years. But it can be performed for all ages based on individual assessments and requirements.
Some of the common points for considering Knee replacement are:
- • Unusual bone growth and development
- • Gout
- • Swollen Knee
- • Bowed Knee
- • Osteoarthritis
- • Rheumatoid arthritis
- • Fractures
- • Torn ligaments
- • Haemophilia
- • Knee distortion with pain and reduction of cartilage
Overview of the Procedure:
- • In knee replacement, the impaired cartilage surfaces at the end of femur is replaced with metal implants.
- • The plastic button may be added under the kneecap surface.
- • Additionally, the poly (polyethylene ) shaft can provide you with the required gliding surface for smooth functioning in between thigh bone and lower leg.
Tests done before surgery:
Several tests are performed to evaluate if individuals for the total knee replacement surgery:
- • Liver and kidney check up with urine and blood tests to detect the early signs of infections.
- • Undergoing EKG for early noting of heart related ailment and CXR for conditions disturbing the chest.
- • Examining the joints and the bones near the abnormal knee areas.
- • Performing routine checkup including weight,
During surgery procedure:
Before the knee replacement surgery you might be given anesthesia that will bring down the pain and will make you insensible.
Additionally, you can also be given intravenous antibiotics during the surgery to prevent any infection afterwards
The surgery can take approximately 2 to 3 hours.
The orthopedic surgeon will make an inclusion and replace the damaged cartilage and bone with artificial created knee joint surface into a knee, that is bent at 90 degrees. The through examination including the bending and movement of your knees are testing prior to inclusion closure.
Care after the procedure:
After the surgery you would be kept at hospital for couple of days to monitor your Recovery.
Under the guidance of the physiotherapist, you will be motivated to perform several knee related exercises that will increase the blood flow.
Once you recover your muscle strength and are able to move you would be discharged from the hospital.
For best results, follow our surgeons and physiotherapist provided specification including exercises, nourishments, after care.
When to consider total knee replacement surgery?
If you have already tried several osteoarthritis treatments including medications, physical therapy, weight loss, nutrition supplements but still have a pain in your knees that limits your ability to move, your doctor may suggest total knee replacement surgery.
What is the right age for undergoing a total knee replacement surgery?
There is no exact age or weight restrictions for this surgery, it is entirely dependent upon the individual patient’s pain and disability level in their knees while performing daily activities including walking, climbing and resting. Generally, the person in between 50 to 80 years can be patient for total knee replacement surgery. Although, our orthopedic surgeons will conduct the through causes of the knee pain.
Why should I undergo total knee replacement surgery?
The surgery will provide you several advantages including increase in flexibility of your knees, reduction in pain, improvement in quality of life with physiotherapy exercises.
How long does artificial replaced knee last?
In total knee replacement surgery the new artificial knee joint (prosthesis) will last for about 15 to 20 years. And if you are with normal weight and follow a normal work routine, then it may last even longer.
How much time will total knee replacement surgery take?
The surgery may last for about 2 to 3 hours depending upon your knee functionality evaluation tests conducted by our surgeon before closing your incision.
How long will you need to stay at hospital after knee replacement surgery?
You will be able to leave the hospital within 4 to 5 days after your successful surgery.
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