Total Knee Replacement Surgery


What is total knee replacement?

The total knee replacement surgery is performed to replace the damaged knee joint with artificial joints known as prosthesis. It is an effective and safe procedure that comforts pain and leg deformity that cannot be treated by medications and walking supports (walkers).

The total knee replacement surgery is performed to replace the damaged knee joint with artificial joints known as prosthesis. It is an effective and safe procedure that comforts pain and leg deformity that cannot be treated by medications and walking supports (walkers).

Candidate for Surgery:

The candidates for total knee replacement surgery are generally experiencing difficulties in movement, while performing their daily activities.

Although, there is no fixed age limitation for undergoing knee replacement surgery.

As per orthopedic surgeons, maximum patients that undergo knee surgery are aged from 50 to 80 years. But it can be performed for all ages based on individual assessments and requirements.

Some of the most point to consider Knee replacement are:

  • Unusual bone growth and development
  • Gout
  • Swollen Knee
  • Bowed Knee
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Fractures
  • Torn ligaments
  • Haemophilia
  • Knee distortion with pain and reduction of cartilage

Overview of the Procedure:

  • In knee replacement, the impaired cartilage surfaces at the end of femur is replaced with metal implants.
  • In knee replacement, the impaired cartilage surfaces at the end of femur is replaced with metal implants.
  • The plastic button may be added under the kneecap surface.
  • Additionally, the poly (polyethylene ) shaft can provide you with the required gliding surface for smooth functioning in between thigh bone and lower leg.

Tests done before surgery:

Several tests are performed to evaluate if individuals for the total knee replacement surgery:

  • Liver and kidney check up with urine and blood tests to detect the early signs of infections.
  • Undergoing EKG for early noting of heart related ailment and CXR for conditions disturbing the chest.
  • Examining the joints and the bones near the abnormal knee areas.
  • Performing routine checkup including weight,

During surgery procedure:

Before the knee replacement surgery you might be given anesthesia that will bring down the pain and will make you insensible.

Additionally, you can also be given intravenous antibiotics during the surgery to prevent any infection afterwards

The surgery can take approximately 2 to 3 hours.

The orthopedic surgeon will make an inclusion and remove the damaged cartilage and bone with artificial created knee joint surface into a knee that is bent at 90 degrees. The through examination including the bending and movement of your knees are testing prior to inclusion closure.

Care after the procedure:

After the surgery you would be kept at hospital for couple of days to monitor your Recovery.

Under the guidance of the physiotherapist, you will be motivated to perform several knee related exercises that will increase the blood flow.

Once you recover your muscle strength and are able to move you would be discharged from the hospital.

For best results, follow our surgeons and physiotherapist provided specification including exercises, nourishments, after care.

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